Emergency preparedness has become a critical endeavor to help better ensure the safety of all citizens when disasters strike. There are additional considerations that we need to be mindful of when developing emergency notification, evacuation, and shelter plans and procedures that will include and affect individuals with disabilities. Additionally, emergency personnel and/or service providers need to plan for when disasters not only affect their consumers, but also affect their business's ability to continue to provide/offer support services to their consumers with disabilities during the actual disaster. The Northeast ADA Center, in conjunction with partner ILC agencies, have compiled this list of resources and tools to help you in your efforts to plan appropriately and best serve our consumers with disabilities during emergencies:
Business Continuity (also known as Continuity of Operations Plan) is planning for a disaster/emergency event by ensuring continuous operation of the organization related to its essential functions and day-to-day operations. The Business Continuity plan is designed to outline protocols and procedures for maintaining daily operation and product/service delivery in the midst of local, regional, or national emergencies. The Northeast ADA Center, in collaboration with the Progressive Center for Independent Living, Inc., designed and implemented this webinar in February, 2011. Watch the presentation, download the slides, listen to the audio archive, or read the transcript on the Webinar Archives page.
Many people with disabilities receive various kinds of support from human service providers in their communities. If these organizations are not adequately prepared for possible disaster situations, they will be unable to provide support during a disaster situation. This Research Brief highlights what Business Continuity is, why it is important and necessary, and best practices for continuing services in times of disaster.
This guide provided by the Job Accommodation Network can be helpful for businesses that are developing an emergency evacuation plan. It addresses the legal requirements for emergency evacuation under the ADA. It focuses on identifying people who may need accommodations in an emergency evacuation based on the EEOC guidance, common accommodations, and plan implementation and maintenance.
The focus of this Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) website is on business continuity planning and evacuation plans. It includes information on evacuation accommodations for employees with disabilities.
This FEMA website page provides individuals with disabilities basic information information about preparing an emergency kit and making an emergency plan.
This guide, provided by the Center for Disability Issues and the Health Professions, is designed to help individuals with disabilities assess their abilities and ensure their needs are met during emergency plans. It includes a self-assessment tool to help individuals with disabilities evaluate their abilities and the resources available to them.
To be better prepared as a nation, we all must do our part to plan for disasters. All individuals, with or without disabilities, can decrease the impact of a disaster by taking steps to prepare BEFORE an event occurs. Results from focus groups conducted by the National Organization on Disability's Emergency Preparedness Initiative (EPI), indicate that people with disabilities need to be more self reliant in emergencies. The National Organization on Disabilities offers this brochure series with specific information for people with different types of disabilities
People with diabetes will find this information helpful when preparing their emergency preparation and emergency plan.
This guide is designed to help local governments create emergency plans and programs that include and are accessible to people with a disability.
Chapter 7 of the ADA Best Practices Tool Kit explains state and local governments' legal obligations in emergency situations and lists common accommodations for people with disabilities. Amendment I is a checklist assessment to evaluate if the emergency policies, procedures, and shelter facilities adequately met the needs of people with disabilities. Amendment II and III are guides to creating accessible emergency shelters.
The National Association of State Directors of Developmental Disabilities Services' Emergency Response Preparedness Self-Assessment Instrument is designed to assist state officials as they evaluate the extent to which their agency's current plans and activities fully and appropriately address the needs of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities during emergencies.
The purpose of this guide is to make emergency managers, planners, and responders aware of the accommodation needs and other key emergency management considerations for people with disabilities.
This document from FEMA focuses on the equal access requirements for people with disabilities that apply to the points-of-service that address human needs, specifically the functions and activities comprising Emergency Support Function 6 (Disaster Mass Care, Housing, and Human Services). It is intended to be used by disaster relief planners and service providers, including: Federal, state, local, and tribal governments, and non-governmental and private sector organizations. The document serves as a concise reference guide that describes existing legal requirements and standards relating to access for people with disabilities.
This guide was created by the National Fire Protection Agency to answer frequently asked questions about building evacuation in the event of a fire.
For additional questions or further assistance on how to ensure your emergency preparedness and business continuity plans are inclusive of, and responsive to, individuals with disabilities, please contact our Technical Assistance team!