Transportation, including modes of public and private transportation and transportation facilities, is governed by several possible laws, depending on the type of transportation mode or facility. Title II of the ADA covers public entities, which could include city taxicab services and city buses. The Department of Justice enforces the regulations affecting these transportation entities. Title III of the ADA covers private entities primarily engaged in the business of transporting people, such as chartered bus companies or private taxicab services. The Department of Transportation (DOT) has issued regulations implementing, and also enforces, this aspect of Title III. For both Title II and Title III, there are specific requirements for transit systems including buses, rail, shuttles, and ADA complementary paratransit services. The Air Carrier Access Act (ACAA) covers nondiscrimination on the basis of disability within air travel. The DOT also enforces this law.
For more information on the DOT's ADA regulations, compliance provisions, and enforcement procedures, visit the fta.gov website.
For more information on the ACAA, visit the Southwest ADA website.