2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design
2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design
The Department of Justice published the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) title III regulations, which included the ADA Standards for Accessible Design (1991 Standards), on July 26, 1991.
The Department of Justice published revised regulations for Titles II and III of the ADA in the Federal Register on September 15, 2010. These regulations adopted revised, enforceable accessibility standards called the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design (2010 Standards) and permitted the 1991 Standards to be used until March 14, 2012.
On March 15, 2012, the 2010 Standards became the enforceable standards under Titles II and III for new construction, alterations, program accessibility, and barrier removal. The full text of the 2010 ADA Standards can be accessed here: https://www.ada.gov/regs2010/2010ADAStandards/2010ADAstandards.htm
Using the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design
The 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design contains ten chapters. The standards include both scoping requirements (i.e. how many of a particular element or feature must be accessible) and technical requirements for the design and construction of accessible elements/ features (i.e. How wide must an accessible parking space be?, What is the minimum clear width of an accessible route?, What is the maximum permitted running slope of a ramp?, etc...).
Chapter 1: Application and Administration (2010 ADA Standards)
Chapter 1 of the 2010 ADA Standards contains information relative to the application and administration of the Standards. This chapter reviews features such as:
- Equivalent Facilitation: The use of designs, products or technologies as alternatives to those prescribed in the Standards, provided they result in substantially equivalent or greater accessibility and usability.
- Conventions: Information related to dimensions stated in the Standards, calculation of percentages, and tolerances are covered in this section.
- Referenced Standards: List of standards incorporated by reference in the Standards.
- Definitions: Defined terms in the 2010 ADA Standards.
Chapter 2: Scoping Requirements (2010 ADA Standards)
Requirements in Chapter 2 indicate which elements and spaces must be accessible on a site or in a facility (the scope of coverage). This Chapter reviews scoping requirements for both new construction and alterations and also reviews the General Exceptions in the Standards.
Chapter 3: Building Blocks (2010 ADA Standards)
Chapter 3 contains the technical requirements for many features considered to be the "building blocks" that are crucial to accessibility. Some of the features reviewed in this chapter include: accessible ground and floor surfaces, changes in level, turning spaces, clear floor or ground space, knee and toe clearance, protruding objects, reach ranges and operable parts.
Chapter 4: Accessible Routes (2010 ADA Standards)
Chapter 4 contains the technical requirements for components of accessible routes, including: walking surfaces, doorways, ramps, curb ramps, elevators, and, where permitted, platform lifts.
Chapter 5: General Site and Building Elements (2010 ADA Standards)
Chapter 5 contains the technical requirements for features such as accessible parking spaces and passenger loading zones, stairways and handrails.
Chapter 6: Plumbing Elements and Facilities (2010 ADA Standards)
Chapter 6 contains the technical requirements for features such as drinking fountains, toilet and bathing rooms, urinals, lavatories and sinks, bathtubs, shower compartments, grab bars, washing machines and clothes dryers and saunas and steam rooms.
Chapter 7: Communication Elements and Features
Chapter 7 contains the technical requirements for features such as fire alarm systems, signs, telephones, detectable warnings assistive listening systems, ATM's and two-way communication systems.
Chapter 8: Special Rooms, Spaces and Elements (2010 ADA Standards)
Chapter 8 contains the technical requirements for elements such as wheelchair spaces and companion seats in assembly areas, dressing and locker rooms, kitchens and kitchenettes, medical care and long term care facilities, transient lodging guest rooms, holding and housing cells, courtrooms, residential dwelling units and transportation facilities.
Chapter 9: Built-In Elements (2010 ADA Standards)
Chapter 9 contains the technical requirements for features such as dining and work surfaces, benches, check out aisles and sales/service counters and food service lines.
Chapter 10: Recreation Facilities (2010 ADA Standards)
Chapter 10 contains the technical requirements for recreation facilities, including amusement rides, recreational boating facilities, exercise machines and equipment, fishing piers and platforms, golf and miniature golf courses, play areas, swimming pools, wading pools and spas, and shooting facilities with firing positions.